BASED ON FEMINISM MOVEMENT AND

ECO-FEMINISM.

space to share articles, ideas and books, about the feminism movement and  Eco-feminism.

Articles and books

ECO-FEMINISM

Climate change and feminism

 

The current international environmental treaty on climate change - the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - aims to establish collaborative efforts among the member countries to prevent greater accumulation of  greenhouse gases (GHG) that would lead to exceed the warming limit of up to 1.5 °C as reported by scientist. In case we exceed this limit, temperature rise by the climate change would act even more strongly by  altering the natural cycles of the earth, which may lead to  more intense extreme weather events such as droughts, storms etc.

 

The point is that climate change and  capitalism are related. As the women earn less compared to men in the society, , they end up contributing less to greenhouse gas emissions. However, they are the most affected in the event of naturel disasters. "As climate change affects ecosystems and agriculture, many of the negative effects will have a disproportionate impact on poor women, who take responsibility for food production and water collection in many parts of the world."

 

Eco feminism, a movement that originated in France around the 1970s, integrating the  themes of ecology and feminism, seeks to explain the assume relation between the continuous destruction of nature and oppression of women, and opposes the theory of gender that aims to denaturalize the relationship between women, nature, and procreation.

“This connection takes place in the language itself, since Nature is feminine. The land is very fertile. Besides, Nature is said to be our mother and to be the wisest.”.

 

Both nature and women "are being exploited and subjected to different types of domination". Mediate the current reality that we can link to femicide and that causes forests to be destroyed”.

 

Eco feminism is a movement that focuses on sustainable development, social inclusion, social and climate justice.

Climate justice is a “active and integrated” way of address the challenges caused by climate change, capitalism, and injustice.

 

The United Nations (UN) cites a research which conclude that women are much likely to die in natural disasters than men., including all those related to extreme weather conditions. This difference is "more pronounced when incomes are low and living standard differences between men and women are high."

 

“Eco feminism is a relatively new concept. It is a fight against environmental racism”, the protection of nature and of women.

 

This constitutive element of gender relations appears: in symbols that are culturally available; in concepts which show the interpretations of these symbols; in politics and in reference to institutions and social organizations; and in a subjective identity that has historically been constructed (SCOTT, 1990, p.14-5).

 

Scott proposes politics as one of the domains of gender use for historical analysis, because politics builds gender, and gender constructs politics. The author justifies the choice of politics and power in the most traditional sense, that is, by referring to the government and the nation-statein the first place, that this is a an almost unexplored territory, since gender has been perceived as an antithetical category to the serious issues of “real” politics.

 

Another issue is that the policy continues to resist the inclusion of materials or questions about women gender and nature. Expanding the analysis of the different uses of gender will offer new insights on old issues, redefine old ones issues in a different concept, and make women as visible and active participants, thus providing opportunities for reflection on current and future political strategies for gender and environmental relations.

 

In order to prevent feminists from involuntarily articulating with neoliberalism, modern feminists needs to reconsider the concept of gender, as it is necessary to accommodate at least two types of interest: on the one hand, the inclusion of work-based issues linked to socialist feminism and climate change, and on the other, the adaptation of culture-centric issues..

 

There are few solutions that can be explored to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions.. One of the solutions suggested by the report issued by United nations organizations is to reduce our greenhouse gases emissions, which can achieve to  better prepare cities and public structures for a sustainable life. This includes focusing on more efficient alternatives for transportation, housing and utilities, which are recognized as the major forms of energy consumption.

 

But there is another significantly important solution that the organization has suggested. Investment in empowering women, primarily through education and health, which help to reduce poverty while in the meantime has a positive impact on the climate. "Women with access to reproductive health services, including family planning, have lower fertility rates, which contribute to a slower growth in greenhouse gas emissions," she says.

 

I leave you with two inspirations from the wonderful female leaders, each in their strength, in their truth, from their place of speech, inspiring change in the world.

 

Sônia Guajajara, from the Araribóia indigenous territory in Maranhão, is the Executive Coordinator of the Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB), which fights for the defense and protection of the indigenous territories that contribute so much to climate regulation. She was the first indigenous person to compose a ticket to run for

President in 2018 and2019. She headed the “Journey of the Indigenous Blood: no more drops”.

 

Dona Dijé, a black andquilombola woman, from Maranhão, left us in 2018 and had a had a long history of struggle.. She was the National Counselor of Traditional Peoples and Communities and founder of the Interstate Movement of the Quebradoras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB), which represents more than 300 thousand women living from the extraction of babassu in a harmonious process with the maintenance of the Brazilian Cerrado.

 

Whether at the political, global or national level, and in maintaining their way of life that builds the sustainable world we are talking about, this resistance makes us realize that, on the one hand, we are not standing still, there is a movement - a movement that empowers women.

 

For more information and inspiration, I'm writing here a few book references.

Ecofeminism as Politics: Ariel Salleh

Ecofeminism and the Sacred: Adams, Carol J

Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature: Warren, Karen J